New Knees

This is the start of a new category on my blog page. Essentially it will harvest information from friends concerning knee replacements. I’m keeping this diary both to help myself get as many opinions about my own surgery on 31st March, 2016 and how to best approach recovery for anyone else considering the procedure. If you wish to add your own stuff, please email it to me. I will not be mentioning anyone by name and adding to the blog on a regular basis in the next year.


Seven weeks update

Each week produces improvements for me. I visit the pool and hydrotherapy on a daily basis. Walking up and down stairs now, although going down needs more care than ascending. I can achieve better than 90 degrees now on the replaced knee, although it’s still swollen. The original pain in my IT Band remains and I’m doing specific exercises for that as well as lots of static exercises at home and in the pool.

More below from climbing partners. This first one had a full knee replaced ten days prior to mine. He was cycling very quickly after the operation. However, he had put in a fairly intensive nine months muscle building prior to the replacement.

Hi Alan,
how’s your knee doing ? Hope it’s doing well ! Happy with the flexibility of mine but unhappy with clicking which has developed over last three weeks. Had it checked by specialist here and reckons all is okay and clicking may stay or disappear and I better get used to it ! More of an uncomfortable nuisance and than painful. Have fairly large numb area below knee on outside of leg – have you got similar problem ? However, that is not much of a bother.Had a wee mountain walk (up and down by chair lift otherwise fairly level. Cycling also perfectly okay.

From another climbing pal who had a knee replacement two years ago. He is older than me!!

Hi Alan.

Sorry not to have been in touch. Just thought an update on my condition may be informative.

We are both finding that being on our legs for a long period eventually results in us both slowly finding that the spring & flexibility seems to go out of the knees, and we become quite stiff. In some case we have put this down to osteoporosis but there seems to be an element of arthritis

In my case it does not seem to matter which knee is affected they both get stiff and sore. I put this down to general arthritis.

Both legs quickly recover after sitting for a bit, and next morning the stiffness feels more like the morning after a relatively hard day on the hill & the stiffness wears off quite quickly.

The common cause for both of us is standing for extended periods, or walking about on pavements and in shops. Looking about me I have to assume this is something to do with age. The stiffness becomes quite generalised so bending down to pick things up becomes a bit of a trial which suggests that all the weight bearing joints are affected to a minor degree, ankles, knees, hips and lower back.

I have spent the winter trying to increase strength and flexibility but the process is a bit hit & miss. The replacement knee is getting stronger and is now the most reliable, but the weakness of the un-replaced knee means that one tends to use the replaced knee because there is less discomfort, and the joint is mechanically better. However, it occurs to me that favouring the un-replaced knee & overworking the replaced knee may be counter productive. The issue then becomes getting the un-replaced knee to do its share of the work, especially when stepping down.

I have discovered that standing on one leg improves the balance muscles of both legs, and presumably develops the smaller balance muscles of the whole limb. I have had problems with pain in my feet and some swelling, which I thought might be something like gout or circulatory problems arising from the surgery or arthritis.

However, in an effort to strengthen the lower leg and avoid problems with the achilles tendon I have been standing on one leg and then rising to stand on the ball of my foot & toes. This has strengthened the muscles in the foot & ankle and the circulation seems to have improved and the foot arch is higher.

To do this it is necessary to fully extend the knee and hold it in position with quite a powerful static contraction. I have discovered that this exercise seems to build the muscle around the knee joint, so now whenever I am standing around I do powerful contractions of the knee joint which seems to be strengthening both legs, especially if one lifts the heel off the ground slightly.

It’s a slow process but the un-replaced knee seems to be improving and taking more of a share of the work and I am stepping down almost without thinking or preparing to favour the un-replaced knee. This seems to have increased the length of time I can stand about without eventually getting stiff and sore.

I deduce from this that age is having an impact, but maintaining the strength of both legs is important, and the straighter the knee of both legs and the stronger the muscles around all the weight bearing joints the better. The advice of the surgeon/physiotherapist that one should get the new knee as straight as possible, also seems to apply to both knees.

Interestingly my feet are more sensitive to changes in position [after years of wearing stiff boots] and I seem to be more agile on rough ground such as moving around in replanted clear fell forest, where I lost confidence years ago. I still prefer ascents on clear ground, but seem to be coping with rough ground better.

No real improvement when trying to cross slippery rocks, or jumping across streams etc. Not sure whether this is due to loss of power & confidence or a continuation of the disinclination to suffer the pain of a heavy landing.

Thought you may be interested as it seems that just getting back to the recent normal, and losing the pain, is just the first stage and a comprehensive evolving set of exercises lasting some years may get beneficial results. Although it will not offset the impact of age.

Hope this of some interest.




Five weeks update

In the hydrotherapy pool five days a week now. Still finding flexion beyond 90 degrees difficult, but that should improve once the swelling reduces. Walking up and down stairs normally now, with care. No pain at night. Not able to get a full revolution on the exercise bike yet. Can walk on flat pavements well for a mile or two. Still very swollen as seen by the two new photos in the gallery. Any pain is on the left side. That’s where it was before the operation. Patience!

This from a good friend

…..” Personally I’m not sure about physio as such. When we did our saas grund trip with Joe I was 8 weeks post cartilage clean out. That was early July. By mid September it was still irritatingly painful. So I saw the consultant again and he drew my attention to the state of my leg. I looked like Olive Oyl on that side and Popeye on the other. Advice was don’t faff around with physio, by now–find a personal trainer who knows about rehab, see him weekly for 6-8 weeks and do what he tells you. I did and repeated the sessions a further 2 times each week. Worked a treat and cheap at the price. Built up quads etc and did a lot of work on proception as I kept leading with good leg and that causes more problems of overcompensation in hips, ankles. Very gentle balance yoga good too. When I did other knee, same op, I was sent to a guy, same thing, same advice, who had worked with West Ham players. I only had one go with him. But excellent and he gave me dvd and note of exercises. Again he said get in the baths and swim and do lots leg extensions on machine”….. 

Three week update

Just over three weeks and all good so far. The wound looks good and has healed well. My main concern at the moment is getting flexion back. I’m only able to achieve 90 degrees at best and that requires pushing quite hard. Before the operation the pain came in at 90 degrees, so no improvement yet, but it’s early days. Of interest, I was speaking with a physiotherapist who said they kept patients in for ten days and did not like to release them until 90 degrees was achieved. That was NHS and a few years ago. I have finally been given an NHS appointment with the physio after three weeks from referral, for this coming Friday, which is a month since the operation. It appears that a whirlpool bath is good if its easy enough to get in and out and flexion may be easier in the aerated water, benefits of water pressure on fluid movement not as much as a pool as it’s depth that counts for fluid movement. Hi Life (Highland) membership at the Leisure Centre probably good value for money at the moment (and I can cancel once I’m fit and no longer need it). I cannot turn the peddle a full revolution on exercise bike but can use it with limited range to force flexion. My physio says…… “Would not usually expect enough flexion at 3 weeks for a full revolution on the bike. If not go back and forward  and repeat as that is quite a good way of stretching the flexion out”… I’m able to do all of the exercise above. some better than others.

X-ray above of a friends knee

My new bionic knee three days after op, staples removed and 8 weeks on surgeon says I am making good progress walking up to a mile a day. Still aches at night though and need to keep up the physio. Hope to get back into the hills soon!

A very active female mountaineering instructor, who also skis extensively.
Hi Alan, yes, I have had 2 fairly big knee operations – the second one leaving me non weight bearing for 6 weeks. I was able to spin on the bicycle – certainly not allowed to push hard but could happily sit on a static bike at the gym with my iPad and watch movies. As soon as the stitches healed I was able to swim (I was never really a swimmer before then) but that was great for the knee – I have kept that up to be honest because I started to see a benefit. Yes, I was pretty religious with my physio/exercise but just pulled stuff off the internet since getting a physio appointment just proved desperate – once I knew what I was doing I was ok. Lots of low level walking – nothing long but just lots of slow walking, trying not to limp. I would also go to the OAP exercises classes. I lost about 1 inch in 6 weeks around my leg and that was me doing as much as possible. It doesn’t like sitting down for any length of time – still doesn’t like that (in front of the computer or driving) so I just make sure that I get up and move around. My knees as okay now (normal signs of age etc. and will never be as good as they were) – I know that when my muscles get tired that is when I get twitchy about the knee – can feel that the knee is weak and that is when I completely rest it. Watch out for the ankles too, as they might start to compensate for the walking weird etc. – it’s all linked in.  2012 was the last operation. I just used the exercise bikes at the gyms since it got me out the house and I could use the other machines. We are Highlife members which is excellent value for money. The Fort William gym is excellent as is the pool. All the aqua classes very good since there is minimal weight on knee. I was very concerned about becoming a blob when not active so embraced things I wouldn’t normally do. With the Highlife it means that wherever in highland region we were I could access their facilities which was awesome. Hope this helps and speedy recovery.

Cogne 2016

The Cogne area has a lot going for it. Great hotels. Friendly service. All grades of ice climbing and plenty of alternative activities, apart from the lack of ski uplift. However the Nordic ski facilities are world class I believe. Also snow shoe tracks. Fly Turin or Geneva with EasyJet on the ‘Red Eye’ and be out climbing or ski-ing in the afternoon.

A good weekend and loads to go for, although it’s thawing a lot since we arrived. The first pitch of Lillaz Cascade is much wetter now than in this video. Thanks to John Slater for taking the footage. One of West Coast Mountain Guides longest serving friends/clients. I was helping the new owner Bruce Poll, run the weekend. Staying at Hotel la Barme as normal. A great place and the website has stacks of information on ice and temperature conditions. If you are considering any of the east or south facing routes, please be careful after heavy snow or in a thaw. For example Valmiana II 3 (S.E. facing) was rotting in the afternoon sun when we were on it. The large snow bowl above, had been stable for quite a while though, so the avalanche risk was moderate for us. It’s worth talking to other climbers when you arrive and the bar at the hotel is a prime spot for information:)

Another top day

ben nevis

CMD from Aonach Mor/Beag

Another top day in Fort William with almost zero wind and blue skies. Victoria went for a little ski tour with Spike Sellers and Adele Pennington. Skinned up the ski area and over to the col before Aonach Beag. The various faces of Aonach Beag are forming up well, but few climbers were seen, if any. Certainly good for winter walking and some of the safer ridges. Check out SAIS before going into any gullies or loaded slopes

Cycle Lochan Lundavra

Lochan Lundavra Is about as hard as it gets for a short ride locally. There and back, loads of up and down and steep grades. Very quiet though and some good countryside on the south side of the Mamores.

Cycle Corrour

A very good day out with Sue, David Wilson and Coire. We caught a morning train out to Corrour and cycled on the very new and good estate tracks to Rannoch Station, where we caught an afternoon train home. Not very long, but a fair bit of uphill to start with and the track became very bumpy for the final third. Glorious late summer weather enhanced the trip, with views west from Ben Nevis to Glen Coe. A final Cherry on the top is the tea shop at Rannoch Station, not to be missed. The ladies are collecting for Nepal and David was able to hand over a fairly sizable donation.



Ben Nevis ice

Just when you were thinking of dry rock and sea stacs. Thanks to Paddy Cave who continues to drive north to enjoy quiet ice on Nevis. Alpine training. Bivvy beneath your chosen climb and climb by torch-light into the dawn.

From Paddy:…..Good to catch up with you and a few shots for your blog/fb etc attached from today and yesterday. See the narrows on Point 5, looks complete but the photo doesn’t show the water pouring!? A good freeze ‘might’ have it OK but who knows, would need a closer look. Other routes look better anyway, Hadrian’s/Smiths/Scoop/Indicator as you mentioned..

Cheers, Paddy

A Ben post

I got hooked this morning by a Facebook post on incidents on the Ben Nevis Mountain Track, especially over an early Easter with tons of snow and possible bad visibility. Not being able to resist, here it is again:


Enhance the height and location of cairns. Since the debate on poles in ’96 a lot has been improved, even against the wishes of a small minority, who are mostly members of agencies like JMT and MCoS. Ben Nevis is a special case and will always be so. No amount of advertising of dangerous conditions will stop ill-prepared folk trying to climb the highest lump in the UK. The majority of those trying this weekend, will not even have heard or seen the media blast from well-meaning people trying to avoid more deaths. Short of putting the Gendarmes at the foot of the mountain on all sides to STOP ANYONE CLIMBING the peak, there is diddly-squat we can do about it. This debate and deaths have been going on for far too long, so just get the job done properly. Frankly I believe the JMT took on the wrong chunk of mountain and should hand it over to another owner/agency who have safety in mind over conservation philosophy. JMT do a good job, but need to leave their morals behind in the glen on Ben Nevis please. I was a member of the Nevis Partnership for many years and left disheartened when they went against their original idea of joining up the ‘path to nowhere’. It took many years of wrangling between them and the Lochaber MRT and myself and others, to even consider putting the current set of half-buried cairns 50metres apart. Once again many are well-meaning individuals, but unfortunately their mountain morals fall apart in the face of deaths on the UK’s highest peak. I still have a note from a prominent MCoS member saying…”If they cannot navigate they deserve to die and a few deaths are a small price to pay for a pristine mountain”…This person is still a big pal of mine and respected throughout the outdoor and educational world. We had been having a ‘dram’ at the time and I doubt if he truly meant the comment with any real malice or forethought. However, I do believe this attitude does still exist and we all need to stamp it out ASAP. We still have time this weekend to pay local guides and instructors to PATROL the hill in order to try and avoid incidents.

Aphrodite-Diana-Green Gully

Painting by Dave WilsonDavid Wilson

Also at this video. Now with music



Mt Blanc – Torino Hut

Another hut closure on Mt Blanc for this summer. Hopefully the Midi cable car will run an overnight service (?).

Mt Blanc-Gouter Refuge

Anyone thinking of Mt Blanc via the Gouter Refuge this summer should follow this link:

Various online translation packages available.

The safety commission , who was studying Tuesday morning the case of Goûter in the Mont -Blanc , gave an opinion that the opening of the summer structure. Reportedly, the French Federation of Alpine Clubs and mountain ( FFCAM ) , refuge manager has not been able to prove that it is capable of organizing security in the building. Prefectural provisions include the presence of 10% of guides on site, which means that some of them are mobilized in a relatively short time. FFCAM now has one month to submit a new security plan to the authorities , if it is to open the refuge for the summer season.

More information in our Haute-Savoie editions of Wednesday.

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